Teak wood and Sheesham wood have emerged as the most popular types of hardwood that are used for making premium-quality wooden furniture's. Wood furniture made in India has its own place across the world. India is globally recognized for its traditional woodworking art and that too without any advanced machinery. All of our craftsmen have always been skeptical when it comes to selecting a type of wood. Now, it all depends on the requirement. But still, sometimes it is hard to choose from the types of hardwoods in the market.
Although both teak wood and Sheesham Wood are excellent choices for the manufacture of wooden furniture, the question remains as to which type of wood is better and why. In this guide, we compare these two types of wood so you can pick your winner.
Sheesham and teak are widely used in making furniture and handicrafts. And both have their own advantages and disadvantages. Then, what is the difference between Sheesham Wood and teak wood? Let us compare these two with some important parameters that are kept in mind while choosing.
The main difference between rosewood and teak is in their texture. Rosewood has a natural grain and is marked with a chestnut color. Teak wood is known for its smooth texture and grain with a distinctive yellowish-brown color that typically matures to a silver-grey patina finish. If you need a solid color finish, then you should go for Teak Wood as it has a tightly structured grain. The rosewood wood can still be worked on to achieve a similar finish but teak dominates here.
However, the granularity of rosewood tends to look better than teak wood, so if you want a grainy texture with visible markings, use rosewood wood. In addition, rosewood wood polishes well and has a smooth surface finish.
Sheesham Wood has a higher percentage of water than teak. Thus rosewood has more flexibility than teak. This means that it can be folded for a certain amount of time without any visible tension. However, this property can be viewed as a negative as it makes it prone to moisture loss. One can polish the entire unit, wax it evenly, make it resistant but this adds to the cost as well as the maintenance of the furniture.
Teak wood, on the other hand, has a higher percentage of natural oils. This makes teak resistant to moisture, mildew, fungus, and even garden pests and termites. Because of this, teak wood is better suited for outdoor furniture than rosewood. So, in terms of water and termite resistance, teak wood dominates over Sheesham wood.
Teak wood has a denser texture and higher tensile strength than sheesham which makes it heavier. Due to being heavy, while making furniture, teak is given preference over rosewood. However, rosewood is preferred for small or foldable units such as handicrafts and decoration products.
Teak wood is considered more durable than sheesham due to its water resistant and dense structure. Due to the high water percentage, sheesham wood is prone to moisture. In addition, rosewood tends to deform under humid conditions. Clearly teak wood is the winner here.
Both teak and Sheesham Wood are good for wood carving but Sheesham is more flexible than teak wood, so it is easier to work with. One disadvantage of working with teak is that since it is a hard material, it tends to corrode the cutting tool.
Teak is preferred in terms of preference with artisans working on the furniture units by hand. The designs can be easily carved in teak wood which looks better and distinctive than sheesham wood. However, teak wood tends to corrode cutting tools easily.
Teak wood is very expensive due to its superior properties whereas Sheesham is a more economical type of wood which can be used to make wooden furniture.
Due to the above mentioned properties like termite resistivity, water resistivity, high tensile strength and durability, teak is costlier as compared to rosewood. If you are looking for an affordable material, rosewood should be your choice. And if money is not a parameter, then you should go for teak wood.
Before buying sheesham furniture directly from a furniture store or online portal, ensure that the furniture is not made of sheesham sapwood. This is because sheesham sapwood is the outer, light-colored part of a tree trunk that is not durable and prone to damage by wood-boring insects.
Only sheesham heartwood should be used to make wooden furniture as it forms the central core of the tree trunk; It is strong, durable and resistant to termites.